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Republic of Ireland Quick Facts:
The Republic of Ireland occupies most of the island of Ireland, off the coast of England and Wales. Its eastern capital, Dublin, is the birthplace of writers including Oscar Wilde and Samuel Beckett, and home of Guinness beer. Nicknamed the “Emerald Isle” for its lush landscape of rolling green hills, it’s dotted with castles and ancient sites, such as massive 12th-century Cahir Castle.
Population: 4.773 million (2016)
Area: 70,282 km²
Telephone Country Code: +353
Time Zone: GMT
Languages: Irish is the first official language, 1.77 million Irish people say they can speak Irish, however, Irish is the third spoken language after English and Polish.
Religions: Circa 85% are officially members of the Roman Catholic Church. Many other religions are practiced by small minorities.
President: Mr. Michael D. Higgins
Prime minister: Leo Varadkar
Estonia Quick Facts:
Estonia, a country in Northern Europe, faces the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Including more than 1,500 islands, its diverse terrain spans rocky beaches, old-growth forest and many lakes. Formerly part of the Soviet Union, it’s dotted with castles, churches and hilltop fortresses. The capital, Tallinn,is known for its preserved Old Town, museums and the 314m-high Tallinn TV Tower’s observation deck.
Population: 1.316 million (2016)
Area: 45,226 km²
Telephone Country Code: +372
Time Zone: GMT + 2
Languages: The official language of Estonia is Estonian, a Uralic language which is related to Finnish but unrelated to nearby Russian and Latvian which are of Indo-European root. Standard Estonian is mainly based on the North Estonian language, while South Estonian includes several unrecognised dialects, specifically Võro, Mulgi and Tartu.
English and Russian is spoken widely.
Religions: Although the Lutheran Church is the largest in Estonia, it accounts for only 13% of the population. Fewer than one in five Estonians say any religion plays an important part in their lives.
President: Kersti Kaljulaid
Prime minister: Jüri Ratas